Yes: A CFO can have one full-time equivalent employee (not counting family members).
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A CFO is an enterprise at a private home where specific low-risk food products, which do not require refrigeration, are prepared or repackaged for sale. A cottage food operator is an individual who operates a cottage food operation in his or her private home and is the owner of the cottage food operation.
“Private home” means a dwelling, including an apartment or other leased space, where the CFO operator resides.
Yes: CFO sales are limited to $50,000 or less in gross sales per calendar year.
Only foods that are defined as “non-potentially hazardous” are approved for preparation by CFOs. These are foods that do not require refrigeration to keep them safe from bacterial growth that may cause illness. The California Department of Public Health (CDPH) will establish and maintain a list of these approved foods and will establish a process by which new foods can be added to the list and other foods can be challenged and removed. Please contact the CDPH for more information regarding non-potentially hazardous foods.
Class A: CFOs are only allowed to engage in “direct sale” of cottage food.
Class B: CFOs may engage in both “direct sale” and “indirect sale” of cottage food.
“Direct sale” means a transaction within the state of California between a CFO operator and a consumer, where the consumer purchases the cottage food product directly from the CFO. Direct sales include, but are not limited to, transactions at holiday bazaars or other temporary events, such as bake sales or food swaps, transactions at permitted farm stands and certified farmers’ markets, through community-supported agriculture subscriptions, and transactions occurring in person in the cottage food operation.
“Indirect sale” means an interaction within the state of California between a CFO, a third-party retailer, and a consumer, where the consumer purchases cottage food products made by the CFO from a third-party retailer that holds a valid permit issued by the local environmental health department in their jurisdiction. Indirect sales include, but are not limited to, sales made to retail shops or to retail food facilities where food may be immediately consumed on the premises.
You may accept orders and payments via the internet, mail or phone. However, all “Class A” & “Class B” CFO products must be delivered directly (in person) to the customer. The CFO products may not be delivered via US Mail, UPS, FedEx or using any other indirect delivery method. A cottage food operator may not introduce a cottage food product into interstate commerce. Additionally, cottage food operators shall only sell their cottage food items outside of their county of residence only when the local environmental health agency of the outside county gives approval.
CFO operators are required to take a food handlers course offered by an ANSI accredited agency within 3 months of being registered or permitted.
All CFOs need to submit a self-certification checklist to verify that they comply with the operational requirements of a cottage food operation.
Potable water from properly constructed on-site water well must be tested for the following constituents at the testing frequency listed:
CONSTITUENT TESTING FREQUENCY EXPECTED RESULT
Total Coliform Bacteria Quarterly (once every 3 months)* Absent
Fecal Coliform Quarterly (once every 3 months)* Absent
Nitrate (NO3) Annually (once every year)* ≤ 45 mg/L
Nitrite (as nitrogen) Once every 3 years* ≤ 1.0 mg/L
Secondary Standards 1 At least once* Variable Fluoride At least once* ≤ 2.0 mg/L
¹Secondary MCL Standards (General mineral/physical): bicarbonate, carbonate, hydroxide alkalinity, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, pH, specific conductance, sodium, and total hardness. *Required testing frequency may vary depending on results.
There are no additional water sampling requirements for public, treated water supplies.
Yes: A CFO will need a permit from the applicable City, Town or County Planning Department and the Department of Environmental Health as follows:
County Planning Department – Includes the unincorporated areas of the county. The Planning Department requires that you obtain a Home Business Permit, which is a ministerial administrative permit pursuant to Section L-II 3.11 of the Nevada County Land Use and Development Code, before commencing CFO business activities. − Applications shall be submitted to the Nevada County Planning Department and the Nevada County Environmental Health Department at the same time.
City or Town Planning Department For CFOs that are within an incorporated area of the County, including the City of Grass Valley, City of Nevada City or the Town of Truckee please contact the applicable Planning Department for those agencies. - City of Grass Valley (530) 274-4349 - Nevada City (530) 265-2496 - Town of Truckee (530) 582-2927. Written approval from the applicable City Planning Department shall be received prior to applying with the Nevada County Environmental Health Department.
Department of Environmental Health − For Class A: CFOs (direct sale only), annual registration with the local environmental health department is all that is required. − For Class B: CFOs (direct and indirect), an annual permit from the local environmental health department is required. − The registration/permit is not transferable between: Persons Locations Type of food sales [i.e., direct sales (class “A”) vs. indirect sales (class “B”)] Type of distribution
Other requirements: − Check on other state or local requirements that may be applicable, such as Sellers Permits through the Board of Equalization, or Business Licenses through your city or county.
Each local jurisdiction will establish fees that are not to exceed the cost of providing the service. Additional fees may be charged for enforcement activities.
County Planning Department Fees A Home Business Permit through the County Planning Department requires a minimum fee of $323.94. This is only the minimum deposit and you will be billed for actual costs that exceed the minimum paid at submittal. − Planning Fees are billed at $161.97/hr.
City or Town Planning Department Fees Please contact the applicable Planning Department to determine their fees for permitting a Cottage Food Operation.
Department of Environmental Health Fees − For Class A: $195.72 − For Class B: $489.30 (Renewed annually: These fees also cover health permit fees at retail venues if you’re only selling your cottage food items.)
Class A: CFO kitchens and food storage areas (referenced in the law as the “registered or permitted area”) are only inspected by the environmental health department when a consumer complaint alleging adulterated or unsafe food is being produced and is being investigated. Inspections for packaging, product handling and labeling may occur at community events.
Class B: CFO kitchens and food storage areas are inspected initially prior to permit issuance, and then annually thereafter unless additional inspections are required in response to consumer complaints or concerns. Inspections for packaging, product handling and labeling may occur at community events.
In a permitted food facility, a cottage food product needs to be identified to the customer as homemade on the menu, menu board or other easily accessible location that would reasonably inform a consumer of its homemade status. Click here for more information regarding Cottage Food Labeling from the CDPH.
Any expansion or remodeling must be consistent with a residential home kitchen. Contact the Building/Planning Department(s) for approval & applicable permitting requirements.
Cottage food operators or their employees shall not commit any act that may cause contamination or adulteration of food. This would include making foods that are not on the approved food list and or making foods under unsanitary conditions or with spoiled or rancid ingredients. A cottage food operation that is not in compliance with the requirements of AB 1616 would be subject to enforcement action taken by the local environmental health agency or the Department.
You should notify your local environmental health agency or the Food and Drug Branch (FDB) immediately and do not distribute any more product. You may need to notify your customers and request that they return or dispose of the products. You can contact FDB at: (916) 650-6500 or email: FDBinfo@cdph.ca.gov.
You should check with your homeowner insurance company or your landlord if you are operating out of a rental property. Many homeowner insurance policies will not extend liability coverage to liabilities arising out of homebased businesses.
Please see the CDPH website or contact your local environmental health agency for guidance and resource documents or web links.
Please contact the CDPH Food and Drug Branch for registration and facility requirements for food processors. Once the cottage food operation exceeds the gross sales volume established in the law, they must move their operations to a commercial processing facility and register with the California Department of Public Health under the Processed Food Registration Program.
You can file a complaint at the Food and Drug Branch toll-free complaint line at 1-800-495-3232.
Contact your local planning department in your jurisdiction to find out what is required to have a home business in a residential area. Permit and registration forms have been placed on the Nevada County Environmental Health website.