What are special districts?

Special districts serve important roles in growth management in California given they are responsible for providing a range of municipal  services - such as, water, sewer, or fire - within particular  areas, such as unincorporated communities. 

Special districts fall into two categories, independent and dependent. Independent special  districts have a board of directors elected by the voters residing  within their boundaries. Dependent special districts have a board of directors appointed by other local agencies or whose board members are the Board of Supervisors (the Nevada County Sanitary District for example).

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1. What are Local Agency Formation Commissions (LAFCo)?
2. Are LAFCos independent agencies?
3. Do LAFCos consider local conditions in each county?
4. Who pays for LAFCos?
5. What are special districts?
6. Do LAFCos oversee school districts?
7. What are the responsibilities of a LAFCo Commissioner?