Living in Snow Country
A Guide to Nevada County’s Snow Removal Program
Nevada County maintains approximately 562 miles of roadways. The elevation of the County ranges from 1,000 feet above sea level to over 7,000 feet. About 245 miles of these roads fall within expected “normal” snowfall areas on both sides of the Sierra Crest. This area generally lies at the 2,500-foot level and above. Our snow routes, crews, and equipment are designed to work in this area. When the snow level drops below this level, snow removal becomes challenging and residents living here may not see the same level of service as performed in higher elevations. Snowfall amounts in the “normal” snowfall areas range from less than 100 inches to over 500 inches annually depending on location and elevation. The terrain in these areas is often very steep with many curves offering a variety of challenges to driving as well as to snow removal and ice control operations.
It is the goal of Nevada County to plow these roads often enough to keep them passable to traffic and as free of snow and ice as possible. To do this, it is often necessary for the County to become a 7-day a week, 24-hour a day operation during storms and throughout the cleanup stages following the storms. In order to cover the many miles of roads in the most efficient and timely manner, it is necessary to remove the snow in a way that minimizes time-consuming tasks. Certain patterns and techniques have been proven over time to help efficiency. The purpose of using these methods is to get the job done in a way that provides the best overall benefit to most people.
Equipment for these operations usually consists of four basic types. Truck-mounted push plows are used to push snow from the center of the roads to the sides. Loaders with front-mounted push plows and graders with front-mounted push plows, in addition to the center-mounted blades, are used to push snow from the center to the sides and also to remove the packed snow from the roads. Rotary plows or snow blowers are used to remove this snow from the sides of the roads by blowing it back behind the stakes to widen the roads and make room for future snowfall. In addition, Sand Spreaders are usually used after the snow stops falling to help aid traction on the hills, turns, and near intersections.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Why do I always get a snow berm in my driveway every time the road is plowed and why can’t the road be plowed so I don’t get one?
Answer: The snow is normally pushed from the center to both sides of the roads by the plows so that the blowers can then blow the snow away to provide storage for future snowfall. In most cases, it is plowed equally to both sides of the roadway to allow for the most efficient snow removal.
2. Why can’t they just turn their blade when they go by my driveway? It would only take a minute?
Answer: While a minute doesn’t seem very long, multiplied by several hundred driveways, it adds up to a substantial amount of time by the end of the day that could be spent plowing the roads.
Answer: Homeowners are responsible to ensure their mail service is continued. Plow operators will help by plowing as close to the mailboxes as practical without causing damage to the boxes. For this reason, mailboxes should either be maintained at a level to withstand normal plowing operations (installed at the proper depth, replacing rotted posts, etc.) or made to be moved and replaced when required.
Answer: Snowgates are used by some agencies on their grader blades and they can work well in areas with flatter terrain and lower snowfall amounts. Problems arise in areas with heavy snowfall and steep terrain or areas where long parking pads or multiple driveways do not allow the snow to be discharged from the blades for long distances. In these cases, snow can build up to the point of actually stopping the grader or leaving snow in the traveled way. In addition, gates are only installed on the grader blade and not the plow blade so snow is still discharged off the plow. Limited benefit, lower efficiency, and higher costs have all factored into the decision not to use them at this time.
Answer: Some roads may be too wide to cover in one pass. Also, when removing packed snow and ice from the roadway it may require several passes to remove it.
Answer: We try not to give one person more snow than another. Near intersections or cul de sacs, the amounts may not be equal due to the way that these areas must be plowed. The County tries to minimize these impacts when we can. It may also be possible that your neighbor removed his berm.
7. Since the Rotary Blowers blow the snow away and don’t leave berms, why doesn’t the County just use blowers for all their snow removal?
Answer: Blowers don’t remove the snow all the way down to the pavement thus causing an ice problem for motorists and they move much slower than a push plow.
Answer: Blowing snow is a much slower and expensive operation than plowing. The County waits until there is enough snow on the sides of the road to warrant blowing before using the rotary plows to widen the streets. It could be anywhere from a few hours to several days before your street is blown depending on conditions.
Answer: The County tries to blow the snow back as far as is practical to allow for storage later in the winter and to allow us to see your homes and driveways better. In many areas, the County has a snow storage easement that is utilized as much as possible. With several thousand houses in the Nevada City area, it becomes nearly impossible to keep track of everything in every yard. Marking some of these things could help us to avoid them, but keeping them out of the snow storage area would be best.
Answer: The County tries not to blow snow in driveways or parking areas. Occasionally the operators do not see them or miscalculate the distance to them. This is especially true of circle-type, angled driveways, or parking areas hidden by high berms or banks. You can help minimize risks by marking your driveway with a small sign. If snow is blown into your driveway, you may want to notify the County or the operator. Although we may not be able to remove it, we may be able to make note of it for future operations.
Other Useful Information and Tips
- Expect a snow berm each time your street is plowed. This is normal. Do not shovel or blow snow back into the roadway as this is illegal and you could be cited or expose yourself to liability if an accident or property damage occurs.
- To make removing the berm easier, try to shovel it next to the bank on the side of the road beyond your driveway before it freezes or gets packed down from driving over it. Also, consider asking your snow removal service if it would be possible to clean your driveway after your street has been plowed to avoid a berm in your recently cleaned driveway.
- Snow stakes are placed along the roadways as a guide to the snowplows to help prevent damage to property and equipment. Please do not remove snow stakes.
- Park behind the snow stake line and off the shoulders from November 1 until May 1 to comply with the law and to avoid damage to your vehicle. Do not assume that the outside of the snow berm is the edge of the roadway as the snow will be removed to the stakes by the blower when it comes by.
- Placing your trash cans in your driveway, behind the snow stakes, on the up traffic side instead of in the street will help to avoid the plow hitting them or knocking them down on garbage pickup days.
- Try to leave room for snow storage by minimizing the size of your driveway and parking areas as much as possible. Circle type and angled driveways or hidden parking spots are hard for plow operators to see and should be avoided if possible. Consider marking these areas if you have them to reduce the possibility of snow being blown into them.
- Don’t allow children to dig snow tunnels, sled or ski in or near the streets, or play around the snow equipment.
- Do not approach a piece of snow equipment while it is working until the operator sees you and stops the machine and all of its moving parts. These practices are very dangerous and may put you or your children at risk.
- Do not abandon your car on the roadway even if you get stuck. It could be subject to fines and towed away. It may also be the cause of your street and others in your area not getting plowed.
- Be ready for the unexpected. Carry tire chains or cables and be prepared to install them if necessary.
- Do not drive faster than conditions allow.